- West Bank
Introduction ::West BankBackground:From the early 16th century through 1917, the area now known as the West Bank fell under Ottoman rule. Following World War I, the Allied powers (France, UK, Russia) allocated the area to the British Mandate of Palestine. After World War II, the UN passed a resolution to establish two states within the Mandate, and designated a territory including what is now known as the West Bank as part of the proposed Arab state. Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War the area was captured by Transjordan (later renamed Jordan). Jordan annexed the West Bank in 1950. In June 1967, Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem during the 1967 Six-Day War. With the exception of East Jerusalem and the former Israeli-Jordanian border zone, the West Bank has remained under Israeli military control. Under a series of agreements signed between 1994 and 1999, Israel transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility for many Palestinian-populated areas of the West Bank as well as the Gaza Strip. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled after the outbreak of an intifada in mid- 2000. In early 2003, the ""Quartet"" of the US, EU, UN, and Russia, presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states - Israel and a democratic Palestine. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT's death in late 2004 and the subsequent election of Mahmud ABBAS (head of the Fatah political party) as the PA president, Israel and the PA agreed to move the peace process forward. Israel in late 2005 unilaterally withdrew all of its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities in the Gaza Strip and redeployed its military from several West Bank settlements but continues to control maritime, airspace, and other access. In early 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won the Palestinian Legislative Council election and took control of the PA government. Attempts to form a unity government failed, and violent clashes between Fatah and HAMAS supporters ensued, culminating in HAMAS's violent seizure of all military and governmental institutions in the Gaza Strip. Fatah and HAMAS in early 2011 agreed to reunify the Gaza Strip and West Bank, but the factions have struggled to implement details on governance and security. The status quo remains with HAMAS in control of the Gaza Strip and the PA governing the West Bank. Since the collapse of direct talks between the Israelis and Palestinians in late 2010, President ABBAS has reaffirmed that he will not resume negotiations until Israel halts all settlement activity in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.Geography ::West BankLocation:Middle East, west of Jordan, east of IsraelGeographic coordinates:32 00 N, 35 15 EArea:total: 5,860 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 172land: 5,640 sq kmwater: 220 sq kmnote: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967Area - comparative:slightly smaller than DelawareLand boundaries:total: 404 kmborder countries: Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 kmCoastline:0 km (landlocked)Maritime claims:none (landlocked)Climate:temperate; temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild wintersTerrain:mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west, but barren in eastElevation extremes:lowest point: Dead Sea -408 mhighest point: Tall Asur 1,022 mNatural resources:arable landLand use:arable land: 7.39%permanent crops: 10.96%other: 81.64% (2011)Irrigated land:240 sq km; note - includes Gaza Strip (2003)Natural hazards:droughtsEnvironment - current issues:adequacy of freshwater supply; sewage treatmentGeography - note:landlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are about 355 Israeli civilian sites including about 145 small outpost communities in the West Bank and 32 sites in East Jerusalem (2010 est.)People and Society ::West BankNationality:noun: NAadjective: NAEthnic groups:Palestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%Languages:Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)Religions:Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%Population:2,676,740 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 141note: approximately 325,500 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2011); approximately 186,929 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2010)Age structure:0-14 years: 34.4% (male 472,123/female 447,803)15-24 years: 21.8% (male 298,875/female 284,545)25-54 years: 35.9% (male 494,253/female 466,660)55-64 years: 4.2% (male 55,785/female 55,872)65 years and over: 3.8% (male 42,119/female 58,705) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 75.6 %youth dependency ratio: 70.4 %elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %potential support ratio: 19.2note: data represents the Palestinian Territories (2013)Median age:total: 22 yearsmale: 21.8 yearsfemale: 22.1 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:2.03% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 51Birth rate:23.81 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 66Death rate:3.53 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 213Net migration rate:0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 107Urbanization:urban population: 74.3% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Maternal mortality rate:64 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 96Infant mortality rate:total: 13.98 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 120male: 15.71 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 12.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 75.46 yearscountry comparison to the world: 92male: 73.38 yearsfemale: 77.67 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:2.91 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 64HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAChildren under the age of 5 years underweight:2.2% (2007)country comparison to the world: 115Education expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 95.3%male: 97.9%female: 92.6%notes: estimates are for the Palestinian Territories (2011 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 14 yearsmale: 13 yearsfemale: 14 years (2006)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 38.8%country comparison to the world: 12male: 36.8%female: 49.6%note: includes Gaza (2010)Government ::West BankCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: West BankEconomy ::West BankEconomy - overview:The West Bank - the larger of the two areas comprising the Palestinian territories - has sustained a moderate rate of economic growth since 2008. Inflows of donor aid and government spending have driven most of the gains, however. Private sector development has been weak. After a multiyear downturn following the start of the second intifada in 2000, overall standard-of-living measures have recovered and now exceed levels seen in the late 1990s. Despite the Palestinian Authority's (PA) successful implementation of economic and security reforms and the easing of some movement and access restrictions by the Israeli Government, Israeli closure policies continue to disrupt labor and trade flows, industrial capacity, and basic commerce, eroding the productive capacity of the West Bank economy. The biggest impediments to economic improvements in the West Bank remain Palestinians' inability to access land and resources in Israeli-controlled areas, import and export restrictions, and a high-cost capital structure. The PA for the foreseeable future will continue to rely heavily on donor aid for its budgetary needs, and West Bank economic activity will depend largely on the PA''s ability to attract such aid.GDP (purchasing power parity):$8.022 billion (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 156$7.589 billion (2010 est.)$7.106 billion (2009 est.)note: includes Gaza StripGDP (official exchange rate):$6.641 billionnote: includes Gaza Strip (2008 est.)GDP - real growth rate:5.7% (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 496.8% (2010 est.)7% (2009 est.)note: includes Gaza StripGDP - per capita (PPP):$2,900 (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 177note: includes Gaza StripGDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 92.5%government consumption: 24.5%investment in fixed capital: 22.5%investment in inventories: 0%exports of goods and services: 19.8%imports of goods and services: -59.3%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 5.3%industry: 12.4%services: 82.2%note: includes Gaza Strip (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:olives, citrus fruit, vegetables; beef, dairy productsIndustries:small-scale manufacturing, quarrying, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirsIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:745,600 (2010)country comparison to the world: 150Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 16.1%industry: 28.4%services: 55.5%note: includes Gaza Strip (2010 est.)Unemployment rate:22.6% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 16723.5% (2011 est.)Population below poverty line:18.3% (2010 est.)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: 3.2%highest 10%: 28.2% (2009 est.)Budget:revenues: $2.1 billionexpenditures: $3.2 billionnote: includes Palestinian Authority expenditures in the Gaza Strip (2011 est.)Taxes and other revenues:31.6% of GDP (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 83Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-16.6% of GDP (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 214Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):2.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 802.9% (2011 est.)note: includes Gaza StripCommercial bank prime lending rate:6.8% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1316.79% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$160.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 178$114.4 million (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$6.674 billion (31 December 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 118$6.674 billion (31 December 2010 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$1.042 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 156$851.1 million (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$2.532 billion (31 December 2011)country comparison to the world: 95$2.45 billion (31 December 2010)$2.375 billion (31 December 2009)Current account balance:-$2.1 billion (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 138-$690.7 million (2010 est.)Exports:$666.1 million (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 168$518 million (2009)note: includes Gaza StripExports - commodities:stone, olives, fruit, vegetables, limestoneImports:$4.319 billion (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 136$3.601 billion (2009)note: data include the Gaza StripImports - commodities:food, consumer goods, construction materials, petroleum, chemicalsDebt - external:$1.04 billion (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 161$1.3 billion (2007 est.)note: data include the Gaza StripExchange rates:new Israeli shekels (ILS) per US dollar -3.8559 (2012 est.)3.578 (2011 est.)3.73 (2010)3.932 (2009)3.588 (2008)Energy ::West BankElectricity - production:470 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 162Electricity - consumption:4.42 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 119Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2011)country comparison to the world: 146Electricity - imports:550 million kWh (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 74Electricity - installed generating capacity:140,000 kWcountry comparison to the world: 159note: includes Gaza Strip (2009 est.)Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 44Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 202Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 206Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 203Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 204Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 204Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 140Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 203Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 143Refined petroleum products - consumption:29,310 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 116Refined petroleum products - exports:1.92 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 123Refined petroleum products - imports:15,420 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 118Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 207Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 207Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 205Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 147Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 204Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:3.382 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 135Communications ::West BankTelephones - main lines in use:337,000 (includes Gaza Strip) (2010)country comparison to the world: 113Telephones - mobile cellular:2.405 million (includes Gaza Strip) (2010)country comparison to the world: 131Telephone system:general assessment: continuing political and economic instability has impeded significant liberalization of the telecommunications industrydomestic: Israeli company BEZEK and the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible for fixed line services; PALTEL plans to establish a fiber-optic connection to Jordan to route domestic mobile calls; the Palestinian JAWWAL company and WATANIYA PALESTINE provide cellular servicesinternational: country code - 970; 1 international switch in Ramallah (2009)Broadcast media:the Palestinian Authority operates 1 TV and 1 radio station; about 30 independent TV and 25 radio stations; both Jordanian TV and satellite TV are accessible (2008)Internet country code:.ps; note - same as Gaza StripInternet users:1.379 million (includes Gaza Strip) (2009)country comparison to the world: 88Transportation ::West BankAirports:2 (2013)country comparison to the world: 208Airports - with paved runways:total: 21,524 to 2,437 m: 1under 914 m: 1 (2013)Heliports:1 (2013)Roadways:total: 5,147 kmcountry comparison to the world: 153paved: 5,147 kmnote: includes Gaza Strip (2006)Military ::West BankManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 579,248females age 16-49: 547,782 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 30,925female: 29,440 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:NATransnational Issues ::West BankDisputes - international:the current status of the West Bank is subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation; Israel continues construction of a ""seam line"" separation barrier along parts of the Green Line and within the West Bank; Israel withdrew from four settlements in the northern West Bank in August 2005; since 1948, about 350 peacekeepers from the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), headquartered in Jerusalem, monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating, and assist other UN personnel in the regionRefugees and internally displaced persons:refugees (country of origin): 727,471 (Palestinian refugees (UNRWA)) (2012)IDPs: 160,000 (persons displaced within both the Gaza strip and the West Bank since 1967; as estimated by unofficial sources) (2011)"
The World Factbook. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
West Bank — the West Bank the land west of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea between Israel and Jordan, which the Israelis took control of in 1967 in the Arab Israeli War, but which the Palestinian Arabs consider to be their land … Dictionary of contemporary English
West Bank — West′ Bank′ n. geg a region in the Middle East, between the W bank of the Jordan River and the E (1949) armistice line of Israel: formerly held by Jordan; occupied in 1967 by Israel; now under partial Palestinian self rule … From formal English to slang
West Bank — area on the W bank of the Jordan River: part of Jordan since 1949 & occupied by Israel since 1967: an agreement in 1994 provided for a transfer of authority of Palestinians in stages that would result in self rule … English World dictionary
West Bank — [west bæȖk, englisch »Westufer«], das Westjordanland … Universal-Lexikon
West Bank — in reference to the former Jordanian territory west of the River Jordan, 1967 … Etymology dictionary
West Bank — This article is about the geography, demographics and general history of the West Bank. Also see Judea and Samaria Area. For other uses, see West Bank (disambiguation). West Bank Palestinian Authority Palestinian Local Government in the West Bank … Wikipedia
West Bank — an area in the Middle East, between the W bank of the Jordan River and the E frontier of Israel: occupied in 1967 and subsequently claimed by Israel; formerly held by Jordan. * * * West Bank Introduction West Bank Background: The Israel PLO… … Universalium
West Bank — The area of historical Palestine lying west of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea (and known by many Israelis and Jews by the biblical terms Judea and Samaria). Designated by the United Nations Palestine Partition Plan to become part of an Arab … Historical Dictionary of Israel
West Bank — noun an area between Israel and Jordan on the west bank of the Jordan river; populated largely by Palestinians • Members of this Region: ↑Aksa Martyrs Brigades, ↑al Aksa Martyrs Brigades, ↑Martyrs of al Aqsa • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical… … Useful english dictionary
West-Bank — Das Westjordanland (arabisch الضفة الغربية, DMG aḍ ḍaffa al ġarbiyya, hebräisch: הגדה המערבית haGada haMa arawit), auch Westjordanien, Judäa und Samarien (hebräisch יהודה ושומרון Jehuda we Schomron) oder englisch West Bank, selten auch… … Deutsch Wikipedia